McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing group based at the McLaren Technology Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best referred to as a Solution One manufacturer and also has a history of contending in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis manufacturer, and has won the Canadian-American Challenge Cup (Can-Am) cars racing champion. The group is the second oldest active, and 2nd most effective Solution One team after Ferrari, having won 182 races, Chauffeurs' Champions and 8 Fabricators' Champions. The team is a completely owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the group won its very first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, but their greatest preliminary success remained in Can-Am, which they dominated from 1967 to 1971. Further American victory followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren cars and trucks for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren passed away in a testing accident in 1970, Teddy Mayer took over and led the team to their first Formula One Constructors' Championship in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Championship in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 likewise marked the start of an enduring sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren combined with Ron Dennis' Task 4 Racing; Dennis took control of as team principal and soon after arranged a buyout of the initial McLaren investors to take complete control of the group. This started the group's most effective period: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took between them seven Chauffeurs' Championships and the group took 6 Manufacturers' Champions. The combination of Prost and Senna was particularly race car dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- but later their rivalry soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English team Williams offered the most consistent difficulty throughout this duration, the two winning every manufacturers' title between 1984 and 1994. However, by the mid-1990s, Honda had withdrawn from Formula One, Senna had transferred to Williams, and the team went 3 seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and previous Williams designer Adrian Newey, more champions can be found in 1998 and 1999 with motorist Mika Häkkinen, and throughout the 2000s the group corresponded front-runners, motorist Lewis Hamilton taking their most current title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren group principal in 2009, turning over to long period of time McLaren worker Martin Whitmarsh. Nevertheless, at the end of 2013, after the team's worst season because 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be using Honda engines from 2015 onwards, replacing Mercedes-Benz.
The team raced as McLaren Honda for the first time since 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren announced they had actually settled on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will go back to utilize Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season up until at least 2024. After initially returning to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren revealed in August 2019 that they would run in combination with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports beginning in 2020 to run the complete IndyCar Series, the combined entry being called Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works chauffeur for the British Solution One team Cooper with whom he had won three Grands Prix and come second in the 1960 World Champion. Wishing to complete in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his companies, but when team owner Charles Cooper insisted on using 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors allowed by the Tasman guidelines, Bruce chose to set up his own team to run him and his prospective Formula One teammate Timmy Mayer with custom-built Cooper cars.